The following sketch of the Jarratt (now Jarrett) family, one of the oldest families in Harford County, Maryland, as well of the Union, is in part copied from the Richmond Times of 1907. To this is added the observations of the late George Andrew Cairnes, Esquire, himself a local historian of note. The Richmond Times is glad to publish sketches of old families of Harford County.
Some years ago on April 10, 1889, the late George Andrew Cairnes delivered an address on Arbor Day, on Jarrettsville and Vicinity. In going over some old papers the Jarrettsville mentioned was not the original one. Abraham Jarrett, great grandfather of the Luther M. Jarrett spoken of, and for whom the present Jarrettsville was named, died in 1757 and left to his five sons some 1800 acres, this tract comprising the original Jarrettsville. The exact location of these five tracts are not known, but to Jesse was left Jarretts Fatigue containing 420 acres on Little Gunpowder. To Eli, Johns Forest and Blue Rock joining Pattersons and Captain James Calder. The other tracts mentioned and equally divided among the five were Jarretts Intentin of 427 acres on North prong of Gunpowder and bounded by Capt. James Calders Patersons Chance, Standifords Meadows and Talbotts Addition.
In Mr. Cairnes address the first school house in Jarrettsville was the old Abbot house located in what is now Thomas R. Browns orchard. In 1846 Luther M. Jarrett and Abel Alderson donated a plot of ground, the present property of Mr. Vernie St. Clair, for the building of a new school building. Therefore, when the High School students were deciding on a class ring, they very fittingly selected the Jarrett coat of arms.
This coat of arms and crest was granted Richard Jarrett, of Somerset shire, England, 1469. He was named for his ancestor, Sir Richard Devereux, elder son of Walter, Viscount Hereford of Herefordshire, England.
Arms - argent, a lion passant between two flaunches purpura
Crest - lion passant, collared gules ducally crowned: under his forefoot a fleur-de-lis
Motto- Fortiter in re (with firmness in acting)
The Jarretts were knighted and crested no less than nine different times for their bravery and valor, and were the early emigrants to Virginia. Henry, Bishop Meade, and other early writers here made honorable mention of them. They were also prominent during colonial and revolutionary periods.
The Rev. Devereux Jarratt was named for Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex, in whose army his grandfather served with valor, and was knighted by the king, who bestowed on him the above coat of arms and crest during the Was of the Roses. The Rev. Devereux Jarratt was born in New Kent County, Virginia on January 6, 1732-3. His widow was a daughter of Bernard Claiborn of Dinwiddie of Brunswick. Robert Jarratt had: Devereux Jarratt II, and Mary Jarratt, who married William Clopton, and had seven children, the eldest born July 3, 1712 and the youngest January 11, 1735. The sons were : Walter, born March 24, 1720; Robert , born June 4, 1735; Devereux, born August 30, 1727.
On January 6, 1732, the Rev. Devereux Jarratt who had been ordained in London, England, on Christmas Day the preceding year, became minister of the parish of Briston. It was the custom of the higher classes of the colonists to send their children to England to finish their education and receive orders. He was minister of this parish from 1763 to the time of his death, January 29, 1801, in 69 years of his age and 38 of his ministry.
In the State Library is the life of the Rev. Devereux Jarratt, which is full of interest and information.
MDCCI and VII London, England. Collins Peerage Vol. III, George Hastings, the only son and heir, was of the Council of Henry VIII, whom he attended in 1513 at the taking of Larraine and Tourney and was by that Monarch crested Earl of Huntingdon. On December 8, 1529, his lordship married Anne, daughter of Henry Stafford, second Duke of Buckingham who married the widow of Sir Walter Herbert Knight, second son of William, First Earl of Pembroke, who was beheaded on July 27, 1469, by the Lancastrians. By her he had five sons: Francis (his heir), Sir Thomas, Sir Edward, Henry, William, and three daughters: Lady Dorothy, married Sir Richard Devereux; Lady Mary, married ........ Thomas; Catherine married Lord Berkley. The above mentioned Sir Richard Devereux was the eldest son of Walter Viscount of Hereford. Robert Jarratt married Sarah Bradley, daughter of Joseph Bradley. Children: Robert, Joseph, Devereux, and Mary, who married William Gilliam. Issue: Devereux, who married Edith Ellis, Elizabeth Gilliam married George Raulatone, a direct descendant of Lord Elgan and his wife, Lady Margaret Creighton. The descendants of the couple intermarried with John Taylors family. Lucy Taylor, his daughter, married Charles Carter Lee, eldest brother of General Robert E. Lee.
The Jarratts first settled in York County from which New Kent was formed November 20, 1654, and from this historic branch all the Jarretts in Virginia and Maryland are descended and they may well be proud of their lineage for authenticated facts prove that, step by step, link be link, they are descended in a clear and unbroken line to those who built up the foundation of our country and are united by noble blood to the first families of the land.
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Copied from a typed written paper given to me by Dr. Edwin B. Jarrett on Nov. 17, 1964. No spelling was changed from the original copy.